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巴利律藏 227 条戒律
2013-05-01 20:00:18???来源:???评论:0 点击:

本文在此只列出律藏 227 条戒律的条款。整套律藏总共有六本,其中包含了批注和对戒律的种种问题。想深入律藏的人们能学巴利文或英文,来充份阅览律藏。
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「诸比丘,这三种东西是亳无隐瞒的照耀给人们看的。三者为何?一为明月、二为炎阳、三为如来经律也。」
《增支部.第3.13.129经》
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「诸比丘,海平而其水不溢于大洋,戒严而不惜身躯持之。」
《律藏.小品》
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「缘于此事,诸比丘,我当为比丘立下戒条。我如此做有十个目的,即为了:僧团的优越、僧团的和平、克制无耻者、善自制的比丘得安宁、制伏今世诸漏、防止来世诸漏、令无信者生信、令有信者其信增长、建立正法,以及守护戒律。」
《南传律藏.经分别.波罗夷》
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「只要诸比丘仍然正道而活,世上就不会少了阿罗汉。」
《长部.大般涅盘经》
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那先尊者:「陛下,如有位王中之王对儿子们说:『儿子们,这大国在每一方都遍布远至大洋,以我们现有的军备,要长久维持这国土是很难的。当我不在世时,你们最好舍弃边境区域。』如此,陛下,当他们的父王死后,那些王子们是否会舍弃边境区域?」
弥陵陀王:「不会,尊者。诸王的贪婪不只如此。为了满足自己对权力的欲忘,那些王子只有可能会并吞比本身国土大上两三倍的国家,但绝不会舍弃己拥有的国土。」
那先尊者:「如是,陛下,佛陀是为了考验诸比丘才这么说:『阿难陀,当我入灭之后,若僧团愿意,则可废除小小戒。』陛下,为了彻底解脱痛苦,以及为了正法,诸佛子甚至愿意不只多持守一自五十戒,如此他们怎么可能会舍弃世尊原本已制的戒呢?」
《弥陵陀王问经》
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四波罗夷法(Parajika)
犯此法规的比丘必须被逐出僧团,并一生之中不能再做比丘。这是律藏里最严重的处份。
1. Should any bhikkhu -- participating in the training and livelihood of the bhikkhus, without having renounced the training, without having declared his weakness -- engage in the sexual act, even with a female animal, he is defeated and no longer in communion.
1. 有任何性行为,甚至是跟一只动物。犯 Parajika.
2. Should any bhikkhu, in the manner of stealing, take what is not given from an inhabited area or from the wilderness -- just as when, in the taking of what is not given, kings arresting the criminal would flog, imprison, or banish him, saying, "You are a robber, you are a fool, you are benighted, you are a thief" -- a bhikkhu in the same way taking what is not given is defeated and no longer in communion.
2. 有任何盗窃的行为,或拿取未被给予的东西,在有人住的地方或在森林里。犯 Parajika.
3. Should any bhikkhu intentionally deprive a human being of life, or search for an assassin for him, or praise the advantages of death, or incite him to die (thus): "My good man, what use is this wretched, miserable life to you? Death would be better for you than life," or with such an idea in mind, such a purpose in mind, should in various ways praise the advantages of death or incite him to die, he also is defeated and no longer in communion.
3. 有意杀人,或指使人杀,或夸赞死亡的优点,或煽动他人去死。犯 Parajika.
4. Should any bhikkhu, without direct knowledge, boast of a superior human state, a truly noble knowledge and vision as present in himself, saying, "Thus do I know; thus do I see," such that regardless of whether or not he is cross-examined on a later occasion, he -- being remorseful and desirous of purification -- might say, "Friends, not knowing, I said I know; not seeing, I said I see -- vainly, falsely, idly," unless it was from over-estimation, he also is defeated and no longer in communion.
4. 除了是自我评估过高以外,如果夸赞自己拥有超人类的能力,超知识,等等。犯 Parajika

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